Turning campaign promises into working policies requires more than just political bravado. It takes great management skills. NAPA has undertaken the ambitious task of identifying the 40 most difficult management positions in the federal government. Looking specifically at positions denoted as Presidentially-Appointed with Senate Confirmation (PAS) in the most recent edition of the Plum Book (2012), the Transition 2016 Steering Committee has worked to not only select positions most important to a new administration, but also to highlight the skills, traits, and qualities that are critical for success in those positions. 

These jobs are characterized by operational complexity. The performance of these jobs will have a direct impact on the American citizenry, including direct delivery of services and accomplishments of the President's Agenda. All of these positions will have to overcome enormous management challenges to accomplish their goals.